The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2021-09-01 11:00Fair Isle1
2021-09-03 15:35Zelderse Driessen1
2021-09-04 07:51Karrendorfer Wiesen1
2021-09-08 10:15Røstlandet1
2021-09-01 17:21Nielisz Lake (Zalew Nielisz)--Kulików3
2021-09-10 17:12Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)1
2021-09-18 10:16Mangalsala5
2021-08-31 11:07Techirghiol Lake1
2021-08-28 14:00Иловые пруды у д. Синило (Sludge ponds near Sinila village)1
2021-08-23 11:15Paphos (Πάφος) WTP1
2021-09-16 07:30Akrotiri Marsh (Phasouri Reed-beds)1
2021-08-31 13:29Zakaki (Ζακάκι) Marsh1
2021-09-19 07:22Habesor Reservoirs==מאגרי הבשור1
2021-09-21 06:16Yavne 1 Infiltration Pans אגני החדרה יבנה 11
2021-09-08 06:08מט''ש מחנה רמון1
2021-09-03 17:16Gaash Fields שדות געש1
2021-08-27 14:46Арабатська Стрілка--Крячиний о-в (Arabat Spit--Kriachynyi Island)1
2021-09-18 05:50Poleg Marshes ביצות נחל פולג2
2021-09-11 05:30Kfar Menachem Sewage==ביוב כפר מנחם1
2021-09-21 07:00Beer-Sheva Park==פארק נחל באר שבע1
2021-09-09 06:10Ma'agan Michael fishponds & beach (general) מעגן מיכאל בריכות וחוף (כללי)4
2021-09-18 06:40Ma'ayan Tzvi Fish Ponds בריכות מעיין צבי2
2021-09-18 06:11Hulda Reservoir מאגר חולדה1
2021-09-10 06:18Tal Shachar Reservoir and fields==טל שחר מאגר ושדות1
2021-09-03 06:10Pel'I Reservoir מאגר פלא"י1
2021-09-18 16:45Hama'apil Fishponds בריכות המעפיל3
2021-09-07 06:23Tsor'a fields שדות צרעה1
2021-09-11 06:30Oranit==אורנית1
2021-09-07 07:00Ein Hamifratz Fishponds בריכות עין המפרץ1
2021-09-05 14:14ביצת מקווה אלונים ודרך הקוצים1
2021-09-10 06:51Shizzafon sewage ביוב שיזפון1
2021-09-21 06:00International Birding and Research Center Eilat (IBRCE) מרכז הצפרות הבינלאומי אילת1
2021-09-12 13:37Susiya==סוסיא3
2021-09-18 06:30Kfar Adumim כפר אדומים1
2021-09-04 06:17Horkania Valley בקעת הורקניה2
2021-09-15 08:50Tirat Zvi fish ponds בריכות טירת צבי1
2021-09-17 07:30Kfar Ruppin fishponds בריכות כפר רופין1
2021-09-15 07:38Kfar Ruppin lower reservoirs כפר רופין מאגרים תחתונים4
2021-09-16 08:45Milleyha ve sahil şeridi1
2021-09-14 06:19Amik Baraj Gölü
2021-08-30 11:59Лотошинский Рыбхоз (Lotoshino Fish Farm)1
2021-08-29 09:30Рыбхоз Бисерово (Biserovo Fish Farm)1
2021-09-02 18:13Раменское (Ramenskoe)3
2021-09-05 09:00Arhavi Liman ve Sahil1
2021-09-16 09:17Chorokhi Delta--ponds1
2021-09-05 15:43Chorokhi Delta--river mouth1
2021-09-21 09:12Maltakva River mouth2
2021-09-02 05:17Aras Kuş Halkalama İstasyonu1
2021-09-04 07:15Kumisi Reservoir2
2021-09-18 11:00Jandari Lake
2021-09-19 15:10Al Jahra Reserve (Restricted access)1
2021-09-02 16:44Tehran--Police Park--North of Esteqlad Blvd1
2021-09-12 07:23Tengiz--South Evaporation Ponds (restricted access)5
2021-08-31 18:10Abu Dhabi Golf and Equestrian Club1
2021-09-18 15:40Mafraq Water Treatment Plant8
2021-09-16 12:00Al Adlah--farm lakes1
2021-09-17 06:20Al Maha Forest--southern desert lakes1
2021-09-16 06:11Al-Zora Golf Club1
2021-09-18 14:58Private estate near Green Mubazzarah7
2021-09-13 14:40Munay Dam2
2021-08-27 07:04Wamm Farms1
2021-09-19 15:24Hub Dam Wildlife Sanctuary4
2021-09-01 16:46Langh Lake5
2021-09-10 11:00Tuyabuguz Reservoir2
2021-08-27 15:04Hokersar Wetland3
2021-09-21 07:56Dal Lake1
2021-09-18 07:00Harike Bird Sanctuary2
2021-08-28 13:27Sangrah Thang, Suru valley
2021-09-10 17:47Pong Dam--Nagrota Surian8
2021-09-04 07:47Mandothi1
2021-09-21 09:41Budhera WTP, Gurgaon
2021-09-03 07:00Jispa (Bhaga River)2
2021-09-18 09:01Bhondsi Nature Park2
2021-08-23 14:00Hunder1
2021-09-17 07:15Spituk
2021-09-04 07:00Leh, Ladakh2
2021-09-12 16:20Nubra valley--Sumur4
2021-08-23 07:30Khardung La3
2021-09-13 07:00Sindhu Ghat7
2021-09-15 11:35Shey--Holy Fish Pond1
2021-09-13 09:03Shey Marshes10
2021-09-12 06:44Dhanauri Wetlands4
2021-09-12 11:00Changla Pass5
2021-09-06 07:00Tsokar Lake5
2021-09-14 14:48Polokong La1
2021-09-11 11:00Tagste/ Tangste (OBI)5
2021-08-29 06:30Tso Moriri--North End1
2021-09-16 11:40Sumdo6
2021-09-13 09:17Mahe Bridge2
2021-09-17 12:05Merak campites2
2021-08-26 06:30Chushul1
2021-09-13 07:07Hanle village4
2021-09-18 07:17Hanle3
2021-09-19 06:57Manjha Range faizabad2
2021-09-16 06:10Diara1
2021-09-10 06:35Baidyabati DVC Canal1
2021-09-19 06:45Baruipur Marshes1
2021-09-01 07:00Manas NP--Bhuyanpara1
2021-09-07 08:47Tsagaan Lake, Khovd, MN (48.353, 91.647)3
2021-09-14 07:00Maguri Beel
2021-09-05 10:54更尕海 (Geng'ga Lake)35
2021-09-13 16:35Mae Jo University1
2021-08-29 09:40小北湖湿地 (Xiaobeihu Freshwater Marsh)1
2021-09-18 08:00Vientiane--That Luang Lake & fields1
2021-09-01 07:00Vientiane--Ban Hom lake & fields2
2021-09-14 07:11Река Мишиха (Mishiha river)1
2021-08-30 08:21Ganga Lake, Dariganga, Sükhbaatar, MN50
2021-09-08 15:32Chukh lake, Dashbalbar, Dornod, MN8
2021-08-28 06:10马场 (Ma Chang)
2021-08-29昌平新城滨河森林公园 (Changping City Riverside Forest Park)1
2021-09-18 15:00南堡滩涂 (Nanpu Mudflat)1