The twite (Linaria flavirostris) is a small brown passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.

It is similar in size and shape to a linnet, at 13 to 13.5 centimetres (5.1 to 5.3 in) long. It lacks the red head patch and breast shown by the linnet and the redpolls. It is brown streaked with black above, and a pink rump. The underparts are buff to whitish, streaked with brown. The conical bill is yellow in winter and grey in summer. The call is a distinctive twit, from which its name derives, and the song contains fast trills and twitters. Twites can form large flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixed with other finches on coasts and salt marshes. They feed mainly on seeds.

The twite breeds in northern Europe and across central Asia. Treeless moorland is favoured for breeding. It builds its nest in a bush, laying 5–6 light blue eggs. It is partially resident, but many birds migrate further south, or move to the coasts. It has declined sharply in parts of its range, notably Ireland.

In the UK, the Twite is subject to several research projects in the Pennines, the Scottish Highlands and the North wales and Lancashire coast lines. Records show that the birds to the east of the Pennine hills move to the southeast coast in winter and those to the west winter between Lancashire and the Hebrides. The Welsh population winters almost exclusively in Flintshire.

In 1758 Carl Linnaeus included the species in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae under the binomial name Fringilla flavirostris.

The genus name linaria is the Latin for a linen-weaver, from linum, "flax" and 'flavirostris means yellow-billed.

The twite and the closely related linnets were at one time placed in the genus Carduelis but were moved to a separate genus Linaria based on a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences.

There are 10 recognised subspecies:

L. f. bensonorum (Meinertzhagen, R, 1934) - Outer Hebrides (western Scotland) (sometimes included in pipilans)

L. f. pipilans (Latham, 1787) - northern Ireland and northern Britain

L. f. flavirostris (Linnaeus, 1758) - northern Scandinavia and northwestern Russia

L. f. brevirostris (Bonaparte, 1855) - Turkey, the Caucasus and northern Iran

L. f. kirghizorum (Sushkin, 1925) - northern and central Kazakhstan

L. f. korejevi (Zarudny & Harms, 1914) - northeastern Kazakhstan to northwestern China

L. f. altaica (Sushkin, 1925) - southwestern Siberia, northern and western Mongolia

L. f. montanella (Hume, 1873) - Kyrgyzstan to western China

L. f. pamirensis (Zarudny & Harms, 1914) - Tajikistan, northern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan (sometimes included in montanella)

L. f. miniakensis (Jacobi, A, 1923) - eastern Tibet and western China

L. f. rufostrigata (Walton, 1905) - western and southern Tibet, northern India and northern Nepal
Twite
Date Location Count
2021-08-19 12:57Isle of Barra16
2021-08-21 08:15Loch na Liana Mòire
2021-08-20 07:49West Kilbride / Cille Bhrìghde to East Kilbride / Taobh a' Chaolais20
2021-08-19 07:17Eriskay10
2021-08-20 10:00Saligo Bay2
2021-08-22 14:30Luskentyre3
2021-08-19 10:00Ardnave2
2021-08-19 11:00The Oa2
2021-08-20 09:58Bosta (Bostadh)3
2021-08-29 10:10Loch Ordais and Bragar Bay3
2021-08-19 09:39Arisaig1
2021-08-29 08:02Butt of Lewis10
2021-09-14 14:00Rubha Rèidh (Rua Reidh)
2021-09-06 09:06Stoer Head12
2021-08-24 10:13Rannoch Station
2021-08-28 11:00Croachy
2021-08-23 11:05North Ronaldsay--Bird Observatory2
2021-09-06 13:30Saltholme RSPB Reserve
2021-09-17 09:00Fair Isle12
2021-08-22 14:30Scatness3
2021-08-19 13:00Hoswick
2021-08-21 10:24Fetlar8
2021-09-12 13:57Burrafirth5
2021-09-10 12:12Out Skerries6
2021-09-12 14:16Makkevika30
2021-08-29 08:00Altındere Vadisi5
2021-09-12 12:00Ovit Dağı1
2021-08-26 06:00Moryayla4
2021-09-06 09:30Mt Aragats (Արագած) Summit Road1
2021-09-04 07:00Leh, Ladakh1
2021-08-23 07:30Khardung La2
2021-08-30 08:30Rumtse5
2021-08-21 10:07Zingral Transit Check Post3
2021-08-20 09:30Changla Pass3
2021-09-06 07:00Tsokar Lake2
2021-09-09 12:00Tangste Cafe26
2021-08-21 06:00Tso Moriri, Ladakh1
2021-09-14 12:37Mahe Bridge30
2021-08-19 17:45Pangong Tso--Man4
2021-08-25 16:30Merak campites10
2021-08-22 15:19Chushul13
2021-08-19 11:10Tsaka La6
2021-09-13 07:07Hanle village22
2021-09-14 06:08Hanle20
2021-09-05 10:54更尕海 (Geng'ga Lake)2
2021-08-29 09:40小北湖湿地 (Xiaobeihu Freshwater Marsh)3
2021-08-25 12:58Seol Club1