The greater sand plover (Charadrius leschenaultii) is a small wader in the plover family of birds. The spelling is commonly given as "greater sandplover" or "greater sand-plover", but the official British Ornithologists' Union spelling is "Greater Sand Plover". The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in ravines and river valleys (kharadra, "ravine"). The specific leschenaultii commemorates the French botanist Jean Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour.

It breeds in the semi-deserts of Turkey and eastwards through Central Asia. It nests in a bare ground scrape. This species is strongly migratory, wintering on sandy beaches in east Africa, south Asia and Australasia. It is a rare vagrant in western Europe, where it has been recorded as far west as Great Britain, France and Iceland. It has been spotted twice in North America, the most recent being on May 14, 2009, in Jacksonville, Florida.

There are three subspecies: The nominate, C. l. columbinus and C. l. scythicus. The last was known as C. l. crassirostris until it was established that this name is pre-occupied by a subspecies of Wilson's plover, C. w. crassirostris.

This chunky plover is long-legged and thick-billed. Breeding males have grey backs and white underparts. The breast, forehead and nape are chestnut, and there is a black eye mask. The female is duller, and winter and juvenile birds lack the chestnut, apart from a hint of rufous on the head. Legs are greenish and the bill black.

In all plumages, it is very similar to lesser sand plover, Charadrius mongolus. Separating the species may be straightforward in mixed wintering flocks on an Indian beach, where the difference in size and structure is obvious; it is another thing altogether to identify a lone vagrant to western Europe, where both species are very rare. The problem is compounded in that the Middle Eastern race of the greater sand plover is the most similar to the lesser species.

Its food consists of insects, crustaceans and annelid worms, which are obtained by a run-and-pause technique, rather than the steady probing of some other wader groups.

Its flight call is a soft trill.

The greater sand plover is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
Greater Sand-Plover
Date Location Count
2021-06-05 08:04Eskil35
2021-06-03 18:35IBA Sodalı Göl1
2021-05-28 14:36Mida Creek
2021-05-25 06:14Temple Point & Mida Creek Mouth, Watamu12
2021-05-20 08:00Sabaki River Estuary15
2021-06-03 16:00Al Jahra Reserve (Restricted access)28
2021-05-23 06:30Salhiya Intermittent Wetlands
2021-06-10 07:49Qanbarabad Reservoir قنبراباد مخزن اب4
2021-05-30 08:06Khor Qirqishan--Hameem (restricted access)3
2021-06-10 17:00Yas Island--northern mangrove tip2
2021-06-09 06:37Bandar Abbas--Provincial Park بندرعباس--پارک ولایت4
2021-05-24 06:30Hawke's Bay Dr.100
2021-05-22 08:15Port Qasim--Russian Beach5
2021-05-17 13:54Morjim Beach2
2021-05-24 07:10Mattu- Beach and Padukere4
2021-06-07 08:46Siswan Dam1
2021-05-30 14:27Bang Khaem aquaculture ponds4
2021-06-03 16:36Laem Phak Bia--Had Sai Med Rak Viewpoint8
2021-05-26 13:22Phanthai Norasing Non-hunting Area--Khok Kham mudflats (DMCR Center II)4
2021-06-05 15:35Bang Pu--Recreation Center28
2021-05-30 06:25Khlong Tamru salt pans4
2021-05-22 16:00Sungai Burung, Pulau Pinang2
2021-05-16 06:00Pak Nai1
2021-06-06 06:11Mai Po Nature Reserve21
2021-05-16 09:50马场 (Ma Chang)4
2021-05-25 15:15汉沽滨海 (Hangu Ponds and Coast)5
2021-05-22 11:20北堡滩涂 (Beipu Mudflat)1
2021-05-21 08:46南堡滩涂 (Nanpu Mudflat)1
2021-06-07 10:21南堡盐池 (Nanpu Salt Ponds)1
2021-05-23 06:16金門--慈湖慈堤(Kinmen--Ci Causeway)1
2021-06-07 07:09金門--湖下海堤(Kinmen--Huxia Breakwater)7
2021-06-06 07:09金門--慈湖魚塭賞鳥區(Kinmen--Lake Ci Fishponds Birding Area)12
2021-05-17 05:45金門--浯江溪口(Kinmen--Wujiang River Estuary)8
2021-05-17 05:19金門--瓊林海岸(Kinmen--Qionglin Seashore)2
2021-05-27 09:26金門--金沙田墩海堤(Kinmen--Jinsha Tiandun Embankment)1
2021-06-10 16:11金門--料羅港區(Kinmen--Liaoluo Port)1
2021-06-02 10:00临洪河口 (Linhong River Estuary)10
2021-05-16 08:28台南北門IBA--急水溪口北側紅樹林(Beimen IBA--Jishui River Estuary North Bank Mangrove)1
2021-06-09 05:51台中--高美濕地IBA (Taichung--Gaomei Wetland IBA)3
2021-05-23 06:08新竹濱海IBA--港南金城湖(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Gangnan Jincheng Lake)40
2021-06-05 07:06新竹濱海IBA--美山大庄(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Meishan Dazhuang)2
2021-05-16 16:32桃園大坪頂與許厝港IBA--許厝港(含老街溪口、新街溪口)(Dapingding and Xucuogang IBA--Xucuogang)5
2021-05-27 11:37桃園大坪頂與許厝港IBA--許厝港復育區(Dapingding and Xucuogang IBA--Xucuogang Conservation Area)3
2021-05-16 15:18桃園--竹圍漁港(Taoyuan--Zhuwei Harbor)5
2021-05-20 17:17台東--知本魚塭區(Taitung--Zhiben Fishpond Area)2
2021-05-22 05:49南汇东滩 (Nanhui Dongtan)1
2021-06-13 11:17宜蘭蘭陽溪口IBA--全區(Lanyang River Estuary IBA)2
2021-05-28 15:41宜蘭蘭陽溪口IBA--北岸(Lanyang River Estuary IBA--North Shore)3
2021-05-31 11:40宜蘭蘭陽溪口IBA--南岸(Lanyang River Estuary IBA--South Shore)2
2021-05-16 06:15Tanza, Navotas2
2021-05-25 10:46Denham2
2021-05-15 15:18West Island (Lacepede Islands Nature Reserve)120
2021-06-09 07:35Richards Point (Roebuck Bay)50
2021-06-01 06:56Crab Creek Mangroves (Roebuck Bay)2
2021-05-15 07:39East Point--far end7
2021-05-23 10:00East Point10
2021-05-27 07:30East Point--northern walking track10
2021-05-27 18:30Rockshelf (west end of Aralia St, Nightcliff)
2021-05-28 03:15Buffalo Creek Shore7
2021-05-18 09:30Jeff's Pirate Cove1